Studies & Reports


In strengthening the development of a vibrant, pluralistic, and market-oriented seed sector, the Integrated Seed Sector Development Plus (ISSD Plus) project introduced Quality Declared Seed (QDS) of mainly non-hybrid crops to be produced at the community level by trained farmer groups. It empowered skilled and market-oriented farmer groups through a Local Seed Business (LSB) approach, and has since 2012 supported over 264 LSBs in 59 districts across Uganda. To assess the contribution of the LSBs to the seed sector in Uganda, the “Access to seed survey” was commissioned focussing on assessing availability, accessibility, affordability and quality of QDS of seven priority crops; beans, groundnuts, potato, rice, soybean, sesame and cassava in six regions of Uganda over the last four years (2016-2020). The regions included Kigezi, Ankole, Rwenzori, Eastern, West Nile, and Northern region. In this survey, QDS availability was defined as seed supply or the physical quantity of QDS available to farmers from LSBs and any other sources. QDS access was defined as effective demand for the seed, given the prevailing intrinsic and extrinsic factors, while QDS affordability was defined as farmers’ ability to access and use QDS in required quantities, quality, and time. QDS quality was assessed using qualitative methods based on farmers’ perceptions, attitudes, and knowledge of seed quality attributes. The study used mixed methods including literature and document review, focus group discussions, key informant interviews, case studies, household survey, and a local market survey that involved LSBs and agro-input dealers in the study area. The household survey involved farmer-beneficiaries of the ISSD Plus project (farmers in sub-counties where LSBs were established and supported), and a control group (farmers from other sub counties which did not directly participate in the ISSD Plus project and where there were no LSBs). Using a mixture of purposive, stratified, an

Uganda Early Generation Seed Study

One of the major bottlenecks limiting farmers’ access to good quality seed for food crops in Uganda is the shortage of early generation seed (EGS - breeder and foundation) to produce sufficient quantities of certified and/or quality declared) to satisfy the needs of farmers. A national study was conducted between October 2015 to March 2016 to analyse pathways for promoting commercial and sustainable production and delivery of EGS. Five crops (hybrid maize, rice, beans, sesame and finger millet) were selected. The analysis provides real examples of potential business models that could scale in a commercially sustainable manner.

Research report on climate resilient local seed businesses

Impact of climate change on agricultural productivity has increasingly attained attention amongst various stakeholders across the globe. Climate variability is crucial as it in addition to the crop species genetic potential influences quality and productivity of agricultural systems. In an effort to strengthen the resilience potential of the local seed businesses in West Nile, this study aimed at documenting and understanding how communities are perceiving and responding to climate change.

Theory of Change


Enhancing resilience of farmer seed system to climate-induced stresses: Insights from a case study in West Nile region, Uganda

Agriculture is the backbone of most African economies and livelihood of many people. However, agriculture is often charac- terized by high variability of production outcomes and production risks. Unlike most other entrepreneurs, agricultural producers cannot predict with certainty the amount of output their produc- tion process will yield, due to external factors such as weather, pests, and diseases (van de Steeg et al., 2009). The effects of climate change and variability add to the challenges facing agricultural producers in Africa in producing enough food for the growing population.

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