Baseline report on farmer access to seed and other planting material in Uganda – 2014
This study was conducted in the three ISSD programme areas – West Nile, South Western and Northern to specifically provide information on farmers’ access to seed and other planting materials. The study showed that farmers grow a number of crops often in pure stand but mainly in mixed patterns intercrops. Major crops grown in the three study areas are beans, maize, ground nuts and cassava. Rice, ground nuts and beans comprise relatively larger volumes planted as compared to other crops. 89% of the farmers obtain seed from informal sources of seed – farmer saved seed, local markets and neighbours. At least 42% of farmers buy seed for planting, of which 35% buy seed from local shops, 5% from agro-dealers or seed companies and 2% from LSB of seed producing groups in their communities. Demand for seed varies per season and by region given differences in farming systems, with Northern and West Nile growing mainly cereals and root crops while South Western the major crops are maize and beans.